Thursday, April 17, 2014

The Betrayal of Christ


1445 Bartolomeo di Tommaso (Italian, Umbrian, active by 1425, died 1453) The Betrayal of Christ


The Betrayal of Christ


1305 Giotto di Bondone. Kiss of Judas from The Scrovegni Chapel, a church in Padua, Veneto, Italy.


The Last Supper


1325 Ugolino da Siena (Italian, Sienese, active 1315–30s) The Last Supper


The Last Supper


1308-11 Duccio di Buoninsegna (italian artist, 1255-1319) Washing of the Feet


The last meal Jesus shared with his disciples was the Passover meal.  Jesus was the host:  he washed the feet of his followers, & served them at the table.  He broke bread with his betrayer, Judas; with his denier, Peter; with the “friends,” who would sleep when he needed comfort & run, when he was facing death.  Yet Jesus still ate with them, prayed with them, sang a hymn with them.  And over that meal Jesus gave them a new command:  “Love one another.  As I have loved you, so you must love one another.”


1308-11 Duccio di Buoninsegna (italian artist, 1255-1319) The Last Supper


Morning Madonna


Pietro Cavallini, From St Peter Recommending Donor to Virgin Mary 1296-1300

In this blog, I try to begin each day with a painting of the Madonna & Child. It centers me; connects me to the past; & encourages me to post some of the religious paintings which were the core of early Western art.


Wednesday, April 16, 2014

Illuminated Manuscripts - Lent - Preparing for the Empty Tomb


British Library - Stowe 12 fol-87 The Empty Tomb Resurrection, detail

Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him.  And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.  And they said among themselves, Who shall roll us away the stone from the door of the sepulchre?  And when they looked, they saw that the stone was rolled away: for it was very great.  And entering into the sepulchre, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a long white garment; and they were afraid.  And he saith unto them, Be not afraid: Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified: he is arisen; he is not here: behold the place where they laid him.  But go your way, tell his disciples and Peter that he goeth before you into Galilee: there shall ye see him, as he said unto you.  Mark Chapter 16

The Teutonic word Lent, used to denote the 40 days preceding Easter, originally meant no more than the spring season. During the first 3 centuries after the Resurrection of Christ, there was considerable diversity of practice regarding a fast before Easter and also a gradual process of development in the matter of its duration. An early reference is quoted by Eusebius (Church History V.24) from a letter of St. Irenaeus to Pope Victor in connection with Easter. There Irenaeus says that there is not only a controversy about the time of keeping Easter but also regarding the preliminary fast. He continues, "For some think they ought to fast for one day, others for two days, and others even for several, while others reckon forty hours both of day and night to their fast." He also urges that this variety of usage is of ancient date, which implies that there was no Apostolic tradition on the subject.


Garden 1600s


1654 Francis Cleyn (After); Wenceslaus Hollar (Print made by) John Ogilby's The Works of Publius Virgilius Maro (London 1654, Virgil's 'Georgics', p 88)


The Betrayal by Judas


1308 Duccio di Buoninsegna (italian artist, 1255-1319) The Betrayal by Judas


Van Gogh - Fields & Flowers


Vincent van Gogh (Dutch artist, 1853-1890) Landscape with House and Ploughman 1889


Vincent van Gogh (Dutch artist, 1853-1890)Irises in Garden St Remy


Vincent van Gogh (Dutch artist, 1853-1890) Landscape under a Stormy Sky 1888


Vincent van Gogh (Dutch artist, 1853-1890) Blossoming Chestnut Branches (1890)


Vincent van Gogh (Dutch artist, 1853-1890) Flower Bulb Fields


Vincent van Gogh (Dutch artist, 1853-1890) Butterflies and Poppies May 1890


Vincent van Gogh (Dutch artist, 1853-1890) Memory of the Garden at Etten 1888


Vincent van Gogh (Dutch artist, 1853-1890) Great Peacock Moth 1889


Vincent van Gogh (Dutch artist, 1853-1890) Marguerite Gachet in the Garden


Vincent van Gogh (Dutch artist, 1853-1890) The Iris St Remy


Vincent van Gogh (Dutch artist, 1853-1890) Young Peasant Woman with Straw Hat Sitting in the Wheat


Vincent van Gogh (Dutch artist, 1853-1890)The Courtyard of the Hospital at Arles


Vincent van Gogh (Dutch artist, 1853-1890) Young Girl Standing Against a Background of Wheat


Vincent van Gogh (Dutch artist, 1853-1890) Lilac Bush


Vincent van Gogh (Dutch artist, 1853-1890) Field with Poppies 1890


Vincent van Gogh (Dutch artist, 1853-1890) Sunflowers


Spring


1641 Wenceslaus Hollar (Czech, 1607-1677) Spring


Morning Madonna


Virgin and Child 1490s

In this blog, I try to begin each day with a painting of the Madonna & Child. It centers me; connects me to the past; & encourages me to post some of the religious paintings which were the core of early Western art.


Tuesday, April 15, 2014

Illuminated Manuscripts - Lent - Preparing for the Empty Tomb


British Library - Yates Thompson 34 fol-84 The Empty Tomb Resurrection

Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him.  And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.  And they said among themselves, Who shall roll us away the stone from the door of the sepulchre?  And when they looked, they saw that the stone was rolled away: for it was very great.  And entering into the sepulchre, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a long white garment; and they were afraid.  And he saith unto them, Be not afraid: Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified: he is arisen; he is not here: behold the place where they laid him.  But go your way, tell his disciples and Peter that he goeth before you into Galilee: there shall ye see him, as he said unto you.  Mark Chapter 16

The Teutonic word Lent, used to denote the 40 days preceding Easter, originally meant no more than the spring season. During the first 3 centuries after the Resurrection of Christ, there was considerable diversity of practice regarding a fast before Easter and also a gradual process of development in the matter of its duration. An early reference is quoted by Eusebius (Church History V.24) from a letter of St. Irenaeus to Pope Victor in connection with Easter. There Irenaeus says that there is not only a controversy about the time of keeping Easter but also regarding the preliminary fast. He continues, "For some think they ought to fast for one day, others for two days, and others even for several, while others reckon forty hours both of day and night to their fast." He also urges that this variety of usage is of ancient date, which implies that there was no Apostolic tradition on the subject.


Illuminated Manuscript - Passover


Passover. Preparation for the Seder, from the Golden Haggadah. Additional 27210 f. 15


Garden 1600s


1695 Caspar Luyken (Dutch print maker, 1672-1708) Two Gardeners


American Artist Charles Webster Hawthorne (1872-1930)


Charles Webster Hawthorne (1872 - 1930) The Coral Necklace

Charles Webster Hawthorne (1872 - 1930) arrived in New York City in 1894 at the age of 22 & enrolled in the Art Students League as a night student, while working days to support his dream of becoming a painter. Hawthorne began studying under American impressionist William Merritt Chase in 1896.

Charles Webster Hawthorne (1872 - 1930) Daffodils

After a brief stint as Chase's assistant, Hawthorne traveled to Holland in 1898, where he was influenced by the tonal style of Franz Hals. That year abroad inspired Hawthorne to return to the United States & open his own school, The Cape Cod School of Art in Provincetown, Massachusetts, where he taught for 30 years.

Charles Webster Hawthorne (1872 - 1930) Early Spring

Hawthorne was content with a simple life of painting & he was devoted to a friendly style of teaching which attracted students to his school in the small fishing village of Provincetown.

Charles Webster Hawthorne (1872 - 1930) Girl with Pan

Students learned from Hawthorne not only how to paint but also how "to see & feel their subjects." He would often tell his pupils, "Anything under the sun is beautiful if you have the vision -- it is the seeing of the thing that makes it so."

Charles Webster Hawthorne (1872 - 1930) Girl with Red Rose

The study of the figure, reflected in the harsh, brutal realistic paintings of Portuguese fishing families along the Cape, was his first love. In his figures, he was noted for the placement of the head & the gaze emanating from his subjects.

Charles Webster Hawthorne (1872 - 1930) Girl with Vase

Charles Webster Hawthorne (1872 - 1930) Little Dora

Hawthorne’s student at The Cape Cod School of Art Stephen Gilman wrote, "We came to Provincetown conceited, hoping to get a finishing course, & were literally dragged back to consider matters so elementary & so fundamental we had all forgotten the little we ever knew of them."

Charles Webster Hawthorne (1872 - 1930) Mrs Woodruf 1924

"This deliberate insistence of fundamentals was the thing that marked Charles Hawthorne as a great teacher," Gilman continued. "A lesser man would have been tempted to show off. A lesser man would have succumbed to the questions about trifling things. A lesser man would have wandered into verbal bypaths. But he was strong because of his simplicity. He was strong because he had the courage to repeat over & over again his fundamental concept of art, knowing full well that should his hearers once understanding his meaning, they would never be able to forget it."

Charles Webster Hawthorne (1872 - 1930) Spring

Charles Webster Hawthorne (1872 - 1930) The Trousseau

Charles Webster Hawthorne (1872 - 1930) The Captain's Wife 1924

Charles Webster Hawthorne (1872 - 1930) The Fisherman's Daughter